- Corticosteroid creams or ointments – Once you moisturize your skin, apply a thin layer on the eczematous lesions as directed by your doctor. Corticosteroids reduce redness of your skin and swelling by controlling the inflammation.
Examples of topical corticosteroids are:
Hydrocortisone – for lesions in your face, neck and other sensitive areas
Betamethasone – more potent
Mometasone – effective with less side effects
Clobetasol – used for thick lesions and eczema on hands and feet
Note: Use a moisturizer first before applying the medicated creams, as it will help to penetrate your skin better. Once your initial lesions are controlled, use topical corticosteroids less frequently, to prevent a flare. Make sure not to overuse corticosteroids as they can cause thinning of your skin.
Calcineurin inhibitors act by affecting your immune response. It is safe to use them in anyone above 2 years of age. They are useful to treat eczema in sensitive areas and those lesions which do not respond to other treatments. After moisturizing your skin, apply as directed by your doctor. Avoid strong sun light when using calcineurin inhibitors.
Ex: Tacrolimus (protopic), Pimecrolimus (Elidel)